Course Search Category: MM Chapter 22: Musculoskeletal Injury

E. Compensation Patterns

Compensation patterns refer to new behaviors that offset a weakness. When the body is injured, it adopts new movement patterns to protect the weakened areas and manage the resulting loss of function. For example, if you sprain an ankle, you limp. If you break one hand, you use the other. If you suffer a shoulder …

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C. Overuse Injuries

Overuse injuries (often called repetitive stress injuries, cumulative stress injuries, occupational overuse syndrome, and other similar names) occur when you repeatedly do the same task or movement without sufficient recovery time. They are generally caused by repetitive movements and repetitive movements performed from awkward and unsupported postures. Overuse breaks down structures like muscles and tendons, …

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B. Over-Exertion Injuries

Overexertion injuries usually occur suddenly when you push your body too hard or try to lift, lower, push, pull, or carry something too heavy. Overexertion injuries often occur because of an abrupt increase in activity. For example, a weekend athlete might not run regularly for two weeks and then strain a hamstring muscle because of …

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A. Acute Traumatic Injuries

An acute traumatic injury is an injury or a wound to the physical body caused by the application of extreme external force or violence. This type of force or violence might occur in many different situations, such as a mugging, a blow sustained during a sporting event (e.g., crossbody block in football), or blows, compression, …

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E. Chronic Inflammation

In many cases, the injury site does not progress normally through the maturation stage and the conclusion of the healing process. Instead, the tissue enters a recurrent inflammatory process that leads to excessive scar tissue formation, prolonged pain, and additional loss of function. Chronic inflammation has many different causes depending on the type of tissue …

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